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Reference PP/EHR
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Level Collection
Extent 9 boxes
Title Ehrlich, Paul (1854-1915)
Date 1898-1956
Ordering Instructions This archive record describes a grouping of orderable items: to order any of them for consultation, order copies or view them if they have been digitised, navigate down the archive hierarchy to Item level.
Name Martha Marquardt (d.1956)
Description Carbon copies of Martha Marquardt's transcripts of Paul Ehrlich's copybooks, 1898-1915, made by her during the early 1950s. There are 6 series, representing both copies of letters sent by him, and notebooks. There are not complete sets of transcripts for all of these: in some cases the originals themselves appear to no longer exist. Users should be aware that, according to a letter from Dr E A Underwood, Director of the Wellcome Historical Medical Museum, to Gunther Schwerin, 25 Mar 1963 (WA/HMM/CO/Eau/13), there are some misreadings by Marquardt of scientific terms in the originals, as, although she was capable of deciphering Ehrlich's writing, she was not herself a scientist. The originals are now in Boxes 4-22, 27-27A, 28-28A, 29-36 in the Paul Ehrlich Collection at the Rockefeller Archives Center, and another set of transcripts in Boxes 80-86 there.

A. Series I, 1898-1900

B. Series II, Zettel Buch, 1900-1915

C. Series III, Carcinom, 1906-1913

D. Series IV, Direktor Ehrlich, 1903-1915

E. Series V, Direktor Ehrlich, 1902-1903

F. Series VI, Speyer-Haus, 1906-1912

Historical Background Paul Ehrlich was a leading medical researcher of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1908. He is best remembered for 'Dr Ehrlich's Magic Bullet', Compound 606, the arsephanemine drug salvarsan which was a cure for syphilis, discovered in 1909.
Custodial History Shortly after the Second World War, Gunther Schwerin, one of the grandsons of Paul Ehrlich, located Ehrlich's copybooks in Germany, and sent them, along with other material, to the Wellcome Historical Medical Museum in London for safekeeping. While they were there, Martha Marquardt, formerly Ehrlich's secretary, and one of the few people able to read his handwriting, prepared seven sets of typewritten transcripts. These carbons are the 3rd set (of 4) copies, formerly in the possession of Sir Henry Dale, and presented by him to the Library early in 1958. The originals, and 3 sets of copies, are now held with the Paul Ehrlich archive in the Rockefeller Archive Center, 15 Dayton Avenue, Sleepy Hollow, New York 10591 USA, by whose kind permission this set of copies is made available in the Wellcome Library
Acquisition Details These transcripts surfaced during the clearing out of the Bentley House stacks, April 2007
Accession Number 1502
Access Status Open
Reproduction Conditions Images are supplied for private research only at the Archivist's discretion. Please note that material may be unsuitable for copying on conservation grounds. Researchers who wish to publish material must seek copyright permission from the copyright owner.
Language German
Originals Paul Ehrlich archive in the Rockefeller Archive Center, 15 Dayton Avenue Sleepy Hollow, New York 10591 USA
Related Material

In the Wellcome Library:

Material specifically relating to these materials in Wellcome Historical Medical Museum archives, and also re Ehrlich centenary exhibition; some correspondence with Ehrlich among archives of Wellcome Foundation; MS6078, papers of his colleague Alfred Berthheim, includes some correspondence; a few items of correspondence, etc, among papers of L Colebrooke (PP/COL) and Sir Henry Dale (PP/HHD)



Subject Bacteriology
Subject Syphilis
Subject Laboratories
Subject Hematology
Subject Allergy and Immunology
Subject Arsphenamine
Subject Vaccines
Subject Trypanosomiasis, African
MaterialType Archives - Non-digital
System No. 55ce4e06-9899-46b4-a984-a9f73688dd1f