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Reference MSS.1456-1499, 6931-6941 & 7920-7941
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Level Collection
Extent 55 items (volumes, files or bundles of papers)
Title Cantlie, Sir James, F.R.C.S. (1851-1926)
Date 1874-1923
Ordering Instructions This archive record describes a grouping of orderable items: to order any of them for consultation, order copies or view them if they have been digitised, navigate down the archive hierarchy to Item level.
Name Cantlie, James, Sir, 1851-1926.

MSS.1456-1499 comprise chiefly drafts of essays and papers by Cantlie, spanning his entire career but with the bulk (MSS.1461-1486) dating from his years in Hong Kong. The subject is generally tropical medicine; diseases discussed include leprosy, dropsy, kala-azar, beri-beri, cholera and malaria, with particular emphasis upon leprosy. Worth individual notice are MSS.1456, in which Cantlie describes a case of blood poisoning that he acquired in the dissecting room at Charing Cross Hospital; MS.1459, commemorating the military surgeon Paul Bennett Conolly (died at Khartoum on the Gordon Relief Expedition of 1885); 1461, 1466 and 1463, two diaries and a cashbook respectively to do with his Hong Kong medical practice; 1469, a fragment of a register of patients in the Hong Kong Hospital; 1480-1481, casebooks compiled in Hong Kong; 1489, a dummy copy of the first edition of the Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, founded by Cantlie; and 1499, a collection of questionnaire responses relating to the life history of Eurasian "half-castes" in which Cantlie is one of many respondents drawn from the western fringes of the Pacific (China, Japan, Australia and New Zealand)./p>

MSS.6931-6941 contain correspondence, personal and travel papers, medical notes, printed material (including much material relating to papers published in the Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene), illustrative material and certificates, the last also including items relating to other members of Cantlie's family.

MSS.7920-7941are dominated by scrap-book volumes but also include awards and correspondence; they contain material on Cantlie's work on Hong Kong and also on his activities after his return to the United Kingdom.

Arrangement MSS.1456-1499 are arranged in chronological order of composition with the exception of the final item (MS.1499, a collection of questionnaire responses relating to the life history of Eurasian "half-castes") which is placed last as Cantlie is only one of many respondents to the survey. MSS.6931-6941 are arranged thematically, as follows: MS.6931, correspondence; MS.6932, personal and travel papers; MSS.6933-6934, medical notes; MSS.6935, printed material, general; MSS.6936-6938, material relating to papers published in the Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, MS.6938 comprising illustrative material; MSS.6939-6940, illustrative material; MS.6941, certificates. MSS.7920-7941 are arranged thematically, as follows: MSS.7920-7927, scrap-book volumes, 1875-1935; MSS.7928-7933, loose scrap-book pages, 1897-1955; MS.7934, letters from Sun Yat Sen, 1906-1921; MS.7935, Orders, Awards, Certificates, Appointments, [c.1883]-1920; MS.7936, papers on the Volunteer Medical Staff Corps, Ambulance and First Aid Movement in Britain, 1884-1954; MS.7937, Cantlie's work and activities in Hong Kong, [1879]-1925; MS.7938, miscellaneous material, c.1870-1984 and n.d.; MS.7939, Scottish Societies, 1907-1924 and n.d.; MS.7940, Publications by Cantlie, c.1870s-c.1918 and n.d.; MS.7941, Publications by others, c.1870s-1925.
Historical Background Sir James Cantlie was born in 1851 in Banffshire. He took his first degree at Aberdeen University and carried out his clinical training at Charing Cross Hospital, London. In 1877 he became a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons and Assistant Surgeon to Charing Cross Hospital; in 1886 he became Surgeon at Charing Cross. In 1888 he resigned to take up a position as Dean of the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese (where the future Chinese leader Sun Yat Sen was one of his pupils), combining his work here with private surgical practice. His work during these years included investigations into leprosy and into various tropical diseases; in 1894 he encountered an outbreak of plague in Hong Kong. In 1897 he returned to London, where he was involved in the setting up of the Journal of Tropical Medicine in 1898 and of the London School of Tropical Medicine in 1899. During the early years of the twentieth century and particularly during the First World War his work centred on the provision and training of ambulance services. He died in 1926.
Acquisition Details MSS.1456-1499 and 6931-6941 presented by Major Neil Cantlie, 1931 (accessions 69762 and 89186). MSS.7920-7941 presented to the Wellcome Library in June 1999 by Mrs Jean Stewart, grand-daughter of Sir James Cantlie (accession 803).
Accession Number 803
Accession Number 69762
Accession Number 89186
Access Status Open
Access Conditions The papers are available subject to the usual conditions of access to Archives and Manuscripts material.
Reproduction Conditions Images are supplied for private research only at the Archivist's discretion. Please note that material may be unsuitable for copying on conservation grounds. Researchers who wish to publish material must seek copyright permission from the copyright owner.
Language English
Physical Description Holograph manuscripts, typescripts and corrected proofs, held as volumes, files and bundles of papers.
Finding Aids Described in: S.A.J. Moorat, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts on Medicine and Science in the Wellcome Historical Medical Library (London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1962-1973) and subsequent typescript supplementary finding aids by Richard Aspin, Christopher Hilton, Keith Moore and Richard Palmer.
Related Material MS.4780, a collection of reports on cases in the Alice Memorial Hospital, Hong Kong, by John Christopher Thomson (1863-1943) contains a few contributions by Cantlie. MSS.2934-2935 comprise examination papers by pupils at the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese (among them the future political leader Sun Yat Sen) kept by Cantlie in his personal papers.
Subject Continental Population Groups
Subject Death
Subject Diarrhea
Subject Disease
Subject Edema
Subject Dysentery
Subject Leprosy

Racially mixed people

Subject Exercise
Subject Sepsis
Subject Fees, Medical
Subject Femur
Subject Fractures, Bones
Subject Fever

Abnormalities, Human

Subject First Aid
Subject Food and Beverages
Subject Influenza, Human
Subject Plague
Subject Hospitals
Subject Toxemia
Subject Hygiene
Subject Leishmaniasis
Subject Liver
Subject Malaria
Subject Measles
Subject Clinical Medicine
Subject Medical Records
Subject Military Medicine
Subject Tropical Medicine
Subject Wounds and Injuries
Subject Muscles
Subject Neurosurgery
Subject Pathology
Subject Leg


MaterialType Archives - Non-digital
System No. ea025f54-572e-4462-942a-037843d8a82a