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Reference PP/LOW
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Level Collection
Extent 111 boxes, 15 oversize items
Title Margaret Lowenfeld
Date 1896-2004
Box Number 1-111
Outsize Item Number 1-15
Ordering Instructions This archive record describes a grouping of orderable items: to order any of them for consultation, order copies or view them if they have been digitised, navigate down the archive hierarchy to Item level.
Name Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973

Papers of and relating to Margaret Lowenfeld and the Institute of Child Psychology, London.


The catalogued material is divided into the following sections (for administrative reasons, researchers are requested to provide Archives and Manuscripts staff with at least 5 working days notice if they wish to consult the papers in sections V-Z):

A-C. Research and Clinical Papers by Margaret Lowenfeld, 1926-1969

A. Rheumatism, 1926-1927

B. Feeding, 1926-1935

C. Psychological Medicine, 1930-1969

D. Popular Papers by Margaret Lowenfeld, 1927-1964

E. Miscellaneous papers on other people's use of Margaret Lowenfeld's techniques and related work, 1929-2002

F. Historical Material of the Children's clinic and the Institute of Child Psychology, 1928-1985

G. Popular Lectures given by Margaret Lowenfeld, 1928-1943

H. Research Collaboration and Correspondence with Vassar College, New York, 1950-1956

I. Margaret Lowenfeld, Biographical and Autobiographical Material, 1896-1999

J. Miscellaneous (unpublished papers) by M. Lowenfeld, 1930-1956

K. Developments in the use of Worlds, 1930s-1950s

L. Material for World Technique Book: 1959, 1920s-1960s

M. Material from World Federation of Mental Health and International Rorschach Congresses, 1968

N. Material for World Technique Book sent to Margaret Mead in1974 by Ville Andersen, 1950s

O. Correspondence on Worlds (and general aspects of Margaret Lowenfeld's work), 1937-1980

P. Margaret Lowenfeld's Mosaic Test: Instructions, Correspondence and Research, 1940s-1970s

Q. Kaleidoblocs. Theory, Research and Distribution, 1949-1976

R. Poleidoblocs. Instructions, Research and Design, 1960s

S. Dissertations, Theses and Extended Manuscripts describing work using Lowenfeld techniques, 1954-1986

T. Thérèse Woodcock, Talks, Papers and Seminars on Lowenfeld techniques, 1984-2004

V-Z: Visual and auditory material, 1920-2001

V. Worlds, 1930s-1970s

W. Mosaics, 1920-1976

X. Kaleidoblocs and Poleidoblocs, 1961-1998

Y. Photographs of historical or theoretical interest, 1931-2001

Z. Audio/Visual Materials, 20th century

ZA. Miscellaneous Material, 1980-1991

ZB. Patient Case Files and Patient Data, 1927-1998

Historical Background

Dr Margaret Lowenfeld was a paediatrician who became a pioneer of child psychology and psychotherapy. Her outstanding contributions sprang from her recognition that play is an important activity in children's development. She invented non-verbal techniques that enabled children to express themselves, including The Lowenfeld World Technique and Lowenfeld Mosaics. The former involved the use of sand trays and miniature toys. The child guidance clinic Lowenfeld established in the late 1920s in London's Notting Hill developed into the Institute for Child Psychology.

Further biographical information can be found on the Dr Margaret Lowenfeld Trust website at

Custodial History Lowenfeld material was arranged by Ville Andersen, Margaret Lowenfeld's colleague in research and clinical work from the 1950s until Margaret Lowenfeld's death. When Ville Andersen herself died in 1986, further material was made available. Friends and colleagues of the late Kate MacSorley, clinical psychologist at the Institute of Child Psychology from the mid nineteen sixties, placed photographs, clinical records and research material with the archive.
Acquisition Details Transferred from the Centre for Family Research on behalf of the Dr Margaret Lowenfeld Trust, March 2005. An additional small amount of material (Acc.2180) was donated by the Trustees on 15/05/2015.
Accession Number 1335
Accession Number 2180
Accruals The following is an interim description of material that has been acquired since this collection was catalogued. This description may change when cataloguing takes place in future:

Additional material was acquired in May 2015 comprising mainly (duplicates) of off-prints, articles and papers by or about Margaret Lowenfeld, two books on the Lowenfeld Technique by M Lowenfeld, packs of Mosaic Test cards and a Mosaic Set of wooden coloured pieces.

Access Status Certain restrictions apply
Access Conditions The papers are available subject to the usual conditions of access to Archives and Manuscripts material. The majority of the collection is open however sensitive material relating to persons who may still be alive is closed or restricted under the Data Protection Act:

PP/LOW/F.36 is closed until 1 January 2060
PP/LOW/F.48 is closed until 1 January 2070
PP/LOW/H.6 is closed until 1 January 2056
PP/LOW/H.7 is restricted access until 1 January 2057
PP/LOW/M.18 is closed until 1 January 2062
PP/LOW/N.6 is closed until 1 January 2050
PP/LOW/T/19 is currently closed as digital material is not yet available in the Wellcome Library
Material forming series T.24 is closed for data sensitivity reasons
Sections V-Y include much sensitive and clinical material whichs is either closed or restricted (see section level description for further details)
Section Z, Audio-Visual material, is currently unavailable pending detailed cataloguing
PP/LOW/ZA/7 files are closed for data sensitivity reasons
Section ZB case files are currently closed for data protection reasons

This collection contains uncatalogued material which cannot be ordered online. Requests to view uncatalogued material are considered on a case by case basis. Please contact for more details. Please note we need at least six weeks' notice to process requests. Please note we need at least six weeks' notice to process requests.

Reproduction Conditions Images are supplied for private research only at the Archivist's discretion. Please note that material may be unsuitable for copying on conservation grounds. Researchers who wish to publish material must seek copyright permission from the copyright owner. Material that is closed or restricted under the Data Protection Act cannot be reproduced. Uncatalogued material cannot be copied.
Subject Children
Subject Play and Playthings
Subject Play therapy
Subject Nutrition
Subject Child
Subject Psychology
Subject Child Welfare
Subject Psychology, Clinical
MaterialType Archives - Non-digital
System No. 47b58d91-ff6e-4b9e-9271-e0f3423f516a